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CHAIR OF SIMULATION AND MODELING METALLURGICAL PROCESSES

further Conference Proceedings (before 2015)

C139. Karimi Sibaki E., Kharicha A., Wu M., Ludwig A., Holzgruber H., Ofner B., Ramprecht M.: 2nd Int. Conf. Ingot Casting Rolling Forging, Milano, Italy, May 7-9 (2014) on data storage device.
"A parameter study on the effect of slag electrode conductivity on the solidification of a large scale ESR ingot"

C138. Kharicha A., Karimi Sibaki E., Wu M., Ludwig A.: 2nd Int. Conf. Ingot Casting Rolling Forging, Milano, Italy, May 7-9 (2014) on data storage device.
"How to get a smooth ESR Ingot surface?"

C137. Vakhrushev A., Ludwig A., Wu M.: 8th European Continuous Casting Conf., Graz, Austria, June 23-26 (2014) on data storage device.
"Experimental verification of the 3-phase continuous casting simulation using a water model"

C136. Kharicha A., Teplyakov I., Ivochkin Y., Wu M., Ludwig A., Guseva A.: 9th Int. Pamir Conf. on Fundamental and applied MHD, Thermo acoustic and Space technologies, Riga, Latvia, June 16-20 (2014) 245-249.
"Free surface deformation by the application of electrical currents"

C135. Kharicha A., Wu M., Ludwig A.: 8th Int. Conf. Multiphase Flow (ICMF 2013), May 26-31, Jeju, Korea, (2013) No. 829.
"MHD and multiphase phenomena in an industrial scale electro-slag remelting process"

C134. Wu M., Li J., Kharicha A., Ludwig A.: Liquid Metal Processing & Casting Conf. 2013 (LMPC 2013) Sept. 22-25, Austin, Texas (2013) pp. 171-180.
"Using a Three Phase Mixed Columnar-Equiaxed Solidification Model to Study Macrosegregation in Ingot Casting: Perspectives and Limitations"

C133. Karimi-Sibaki E., Kharicha A., Wu M., Ludwig A., Holzgruber H., Ofner B., Ramprecht M.: Liquid Metal Processing & Casting Conf. 2013 (LMPC 2013) Sept. 22-25, Austin, Texas (2013) pp. 13-19.
"A Numerical Study on the Influence of the Frequency of the Applied AC Current on the Electroslag Remelting Process"

C132. Kharicha A., Wu M., Ludwig A.: Liquid Metal Processing & Casting Conf. 2013 (LMPC 2013) Sept. 22-25, Austin, Texas (2013) pp. 145-150.
"Variation of the Resistance During the Electrode Movement in the Electroslag Remelting Process"

C131. Kharicha A., Karimi Sibaki E., Wu M., Ludwig A.: Liquid Metal Processing & Casting Conf. 2013 (LMPC 2013) Sept. 22-25, Austin, Texas (2013) pp. 95-99.
"Contribution of the Mould Current to the Ingot Surface quality in the Electroslag Remelting Process"

C130. Bohacek J., Ludwig A., Kharicha A.: 5th Int. Conf. "STEELSIM 2013", Sept. 10-12, 2013, Ostrava, CZ.
"Numerical study of horizontal centrifugal casting of HSS work roll"

C129. Vakhrushev A., Ludwig A., Wu M., Tang Y., Nitzl G., Hackl G.: 5th Int. Conf. "STEELSIM 2013", Ostrava, CZ.
"Discrete Phase Modelling for Continuous Casting: Model Verification and Application

C128. Kemminger A., Ludwig A.: European Metallurgy Conference 2013 (EMC2013), June 23-26, Weimar, Germany (2013) pp. 795-806.
"Modelling the Electrolyte Flow in a Full-Scale Copper Electrorefining Tankhouse Cell"

C127. Kharicha A., Körp J., Kubin M., Wu M., Ludwig A.: CLEANSTEEL8, Budapest, Hungary, 14-16 Mai 2012, pp 145-157.
"Investigations on the origin of radial distribution of non-metallic inclusions in ESR ingot"

C126. Unterreiter G., Ludwig A., Wu M., Vakhrushev A., Ishmurzin A.: Conference on Materials and Technology, Portoroz, Slovenia, 17-19 October (2012).
"Simulation of the Casting and Quenching Process of a Laboratory AlSi7MgCu05 Casting"

C125. Ahmadein M., Wu M., Ludwig A.: ICET2012 (Int. Conf. on Engineering Technology) New Cairo City, Egypt., 10-11. Oct. (2012) 1-6.
"Numerical study of the influence of mold filling conditions on the as-cast structure of Al-4 wt.%Cu ingots"

C124. Wu M., Ahmadein M., Kharicha A., Ludwig A., Li J.H., Schumacher P.: MCWASP XIII (13th Modeling of Casting, Welding and Adv. Solidification Processes) Schladming, Austria, 17-22 June (2012), Eds.: A. Ludwig, M. Wu, A. Kharicha, IOP Conf. Series: Mater. Sci. Eng. 33 (2012) 012075.
"Simulation of the as-cast structure of Al-4.0wt.%Cu ingots with a 5-phase mixed columnar-equiaxed solidification model"

C123. Kharicha A., Stefan-Kharicha M., Ludwig A., Wu M.: MCWASP XIII (13th Modeling of Casting, Welding and Adv. Solidification Processes) Schladming, Austria, 17-22 June (2012), Eds.: A. Ludwig, M. Wu, A. Kharicha, IOP Conf. Series: Mater. Sci. Eng. 33 (2012) 012042.
"Simultaneous observation of melt flow and motion of equiaxed crystals during solidification using a dual phase PIV technique"

C122. Li J., Wu M., Ludwig A., Kharicha A.: MCWASP XIII (13th Modeling of Casting, Welding and Adv. Solidification Processes) Schladming, Austria, 17-22 June (2012), Eds.: A. Ludwig, M. Wu, A. Kharicha, IOP Conf. Series: Mater. Sci. Eng. 33 (2012) 012091.
"Modelling macrosegregation in a 2.45 ton steel ingot"

C121. Domitner J., Drezet J.M., Wu M., Ludwig A.: MCWASP XIII (13th Modeling of Casting, Welding and Adv. Solidification Processes) Schladming, Austria, 17-22 June (2012), Eds.: A. Ludwig, M. Wu, A. Kharicha, IOP Conf. Series: Mater. Sci. Eng. 33 (2012) 012058.
"Thermo-Mechanical Modeling of the Mushy Zone Deformation in Continuous Casting of Steel"

C120. Bohá?ek J., Kharicha A., Ludwig A., Wu M.: MCWASP XIII (13th Modeling of Casting, Welding and Adv. Solidification Processes) Schladming, Austria, 17-22 June (2012), Eds.: A. Ludwig, M. Wu, A. Kharicha, IOP Conf. Series: Mater. Sci. Eng. 33 (2012) 012032.
"Shallow Water Model for Horizontal Centrifugal Casting"

C119. Vakhrushev A., Wu M., Ludwig A., Tang Y., Hackl G., Nitzl G.: MCWASP XIII (13th Modeling of Casting, Welding and Adv. Solidification Processes) Schladming, Austria, 17-22 June (2012), Eds.: A. Ludwig, M. Wu, A. Kharicha, IOP Conf. Series: Mater. Sci. Eng. 33 (2012) 012014.
"Modeling of the flow-solidification interaction in thin slab casting"

C118. Kharicha A., Stefan-Kharicha M., Ludwig A., Wu M.: MCWASP XIII (13th Modeling of Casting, Welding and Adv. Solidification Processes) Schladming, Austria, 17-22 June (2012), Eds.: A. Ludwig, M. Wu, A. Kharicha, IOP Conf. Series: Mater. Sci. Eng. 33 (2012) 012115.
"Exploration of the double-diffusive convection during dendritic solidification with a combined volume-averaging and cellular-automaton model"

C117. Wu, M., Li J., Kharicha A.,  Ludwig A.: ICRF-2012 (1st Int. Conf. on Ingot Casting, Rolling and Forging), Aachen, Germany 3-7 June (2012) CD-ROM proc., 1-10.
"Multiphase modelling of the macrosegregation in ingot castings"

C116. Vakhrushev A., Ludwig A., Wu M., Tang Y., Hackl G., Nitzl G.: Open Source CFD Int. Conf., London, UK, Oct. 29-30 (2012) 1-18.
"Advanced Multiphase Modeling of Solidification with OpenFOAM"

C115. Mogeritsch J, Ludwig A.: TMS Annual Meeting, Symp. on "Materials Research in Microgravity" (NASA/CP-2012-217466), (2012) 48-55.
"Microstructure formation in the two phase region of the binary peritectic organic system TRIS-NPG"

C114. Vakhrushev A., Ludwig A., Wu M., Tang Y., Nitzl G., Hackl G.: Open Source CFD Int. Conf., Paris, France, Nov. 3-4. (2011) 1-21.
"Coupling the turbulent flow with the solidification processes in OpenFOAM®"

C113. Wu M., Nunner G., Ludwig A., Li J.H., Schumacher P.: ICASP-3 (3th Int. Conf. Adv. in Solidification Processes), IOP Conf. Series: Mater. Sci. Eng. 27 (2011) 012018.
"Evaluation of a mixed columnar-equiaxed solidification model with laboratory castings"

C112. Hao J., Grasser M., Wu M., Ludwig A., Riedle J., Eberle R.: ICASP-3 (3th Int. Conf. Adv. in Solidification Processes), IOP Conf. Series: Mater. Sci. Eng. 27 (2011) 012015.
"A 3-phase model for mixed columnar-equiaxed solidification in DC casting of bronze"

C111. Li J., Wu M., Hao J., Ludwig A.: ICASP-3 (3th Int. Conf. Adv. in Solidification Processes), IOP Conf. Series: Mater. Sci. Eng. 27 (2011) 012055.
"Study of the channel segregation using a two-phase columnar solidification model"

C110. Domitner J. Hölzl C., Kharicha A., Wu M., Ludwig A., Köhler M., Ratke L.: ICASP-3 (3th Int. Conf. Adv. in Solidification Processes), IOP Conf. Series: Mater. Sci. Eng. 27 (2011) 012016.
"3D simulation of interdendritic flow through a Al-18wt.%Cu structure captured with X-ray microtomography"

C109. Mogeritsch J. and Ludwig A.: ICASP-3 (3th Int. Conf. Adv. in Solidification Processes), IOP Conf. Series: Mater. Sci. Eng. 27 (2011) 012028.
"In-situ observation of coupled growth morphologies in organic peritectics"

C108. Kharicha A., Ludwig A., Wu M.: Int. Symp. on Liquid Metal Processing and Casting (LMPC-11), Nancy, France, eds.: P.D. Lee et al., 2011, p. 41-8.
"3D simulation of the melting during an industrial scale electro-slag remelting process"

C107. Kharicha A., Ludwig A., Wu M.: Int. Symp. on Liquid Metal Processing and Casting (LMPC-11), Nancy, France, eds.: P.D. Lee et al., 2011, p. 73-80.
"Thermal state of the electrode during the electro-slag remelting process"

C106. Kharicha A., Ludwig A., Wu M.: Int. Symp. on Liquid Metal Processing and Casting (LMPC-11), Nancy, France, eds.: P.D. Lee et al., 2011, p. 113-119.
"Droplet formation in small DC electroslag remelting processes"

C105. Kharicha A., Ludwig A., Wu M.: 8th Int. Pamir Conf. on Fund. and Applied MHD (PAMIR), Borgo France, Sept. 2011, p. 695-699.
"Spatio-temporal variation of the electromagnetic field during the electroslag remelting process"

C104. Bohá?ek J., Kharicha A., Ludwig A., Wu M.: Experimental Fluid Mechanics (EFM 2011), Ji?ín, Czech Republic, Nov. 22 – 25. 2011, vol. 2, pp. 564-73.
"Liquid metal inside a horizontally rotating cylinder under vibrations"

C103. Kharicha A., Ludwig A., Wu M.: TMS Annual Meeting, San Diego, USA, Feb. 27-March 3, 2011, p. 121-8.
"Simulation of the deformation of a flexible combo bag in a DC aluminium casting"

C102. Kharicha A., Ludwig A., Wu M.: TMS Annual Meeting (EPD Congress 2011) San Diego, USA, Feb. 21-March 3, 2011, p. 771-8.
"3D Simulation of the melting during an electro-slag remelting process"

C101. Kharicha A., Ludwig A., Wu M.: 4th Int. Conf. Simulation and Modeling in Metallurgical Processes in Steelmaking (STEELSIM 2011) Düsseldorf, Germany, (2011) S19.1-5.
"Simulation of the melting of a flat electrode during an electro-slag remelting process"

C100. Vakhrushev A., Ludwig A., Wu M., Tang Y., Nitzl G., Hackl G.: 4th Int. Conf. Simulation and Modeling in Metallurgical Processes in Steelmaking (STEELSIM 2011) Düsseldorf, Germany, (2011) S17.1-8.
"Modeling of nonmetallic inclusions and gas bubbles motion in continuous caster"

C99. Wu M., Domitner J., Ludwig A., Mayer F.: 4th Int. Conf. Simulation and Modeling in Metallurgical Processes in Steelmaking (STEELSIM 2011) Düsseldorf, Germany, (2011) S4.1-11.
"A numerical study on the principle of mechanical softreduction for reducing the centreline segregation in slab casting"

C98. Vakhrushev A., Ludwig A., Wu M., Tang Y., Nitzl G., Hackl G.: European Continuous Casting Conference (ECCC 2011), Düsseldorf, Germany, (2011) S18.1-10.
"Modeling of Heat Transfer and Solidification Processes in Thin Slab Caster"

C97. Domitner J., Wu M., Ludwig A., Mayer F., Kaufmann B., Reiter J., Schaden T.: European Continuous Casting Conference (ECCC 2011), Düsseldorf, Germany, (2011) S6.1-8.
"Modeling the formation and prevention of macrosegregation in continuously cast steel slabs"

C96. Kharicha A., Ludwig A.: Int. Scientific Colloquium Modelling for Material Processing, Riga, September 16-17, (2010).
"Liquid-Liquid Interface Instability in the Electro-Slag Remelting Process"

C95. Kharicha A., Ludwig A.: 7th Int. conf. Multiphase Flow, Tampa, Florida, (2010) CD-Proc. 1-6.
"Influence of an imposed vertical current on the droplet formation during a melting process"

C94. Vakhrushev A., Ludwig A., Wu M., Tang Y., Nitzl G., Hackl G.: Open Source CFD Int. Conf. 2010, Munich, Germany, Nov. 4-5 (2010) S:VI-B:T3:1-17.
"Modeling of Turbulent Melt Flow and Solidification Processes in Steel Continuous Caster with the Open Source Software Package OpenFOAM"

C93. Grasser M., Ludwig A., Schillinger W.: Copper 2010, Hamburg, Germany (2010) 49-64.
"Experimental Investigation on the Ternary Phase Diagram Cu-Sn-P"

C92. Hao J., Grasser M., Ishmurzin A., Wu M., Ludwig A., Riedle J., Eberle R.: Copper 2010, Hamburg, Germany (2010) 65-80.
"Macrosegregation Prediction for DC Casting of Ternary Bronze Alloys"

C91. Domitner J., Kharicha A., Ludwig A.: Int. Conf. Materials Science & Technology (MS&T’10), Houston, Texas, Oct. 17-21 (2010) 908-16.
"3D Microprobe Analysis of Dendritic Structures in Steel"

C90. Hao J., Grasser M., Wu M., Ludwig A., Riedle J., Eberle R.: DGM Symposium Stranggiessen 2010, ed. H.R. Müller, Werkstoffinformationsgesellschaft Frankfurt (2010) 99-104.
"Erstarrungssimulation von Bronzestrangguss zur Bestimmung von Makroseigerungseffekten"

C89. Kharicha A., Ludwig A., Wu M.: DGM Symposium Stranggiessen 2010, ed. H.R. Müller, Werkstoffinformationsgesellschaft Frankfurt (2010) Supplement.
"Interaction of a Flexible Combo Bag with the Flow in a DC Aluminium Casting

C88. Eck S., Pfeiler C., Kharicha A., Ludwig A., Evans J.W.: TMS Annual Meeting, proc. book "Materials Processing Fundamentals", (2009) 221-228.
"Microstructure Prediction Based on Ternary Solidification Simulation for Continuous Casting of Bronze"

C87. Fjeld A., Ludwig A.: 3rd Int. Conf. Simulation and Modeling in Metallurgical Processes in Steelmaking (STEELSIM 2009), ed. Ludwig A., Leoben, Austria, (2009) 292-7.
"Influence of Strong Convection on Remelting and Species Transport in Composite Casting Processes"

C86. Domitner J., Fluch J., Grasser M., Ludwig A.: 3rd Int. Conf. Simulation and Modeling in Metallurgical Processes in Steelmaking (STEELSIM 2009), ed. A. Ludwig, Leoben, Austria, (2009) 128-34.
"Development of a Method for the Reconstruction of Three-Dimensional Dendritic Structures in Steel"

C85. Mayer F., Wu M., Ludwig A.: 3rd Int. Conf. Simulation and Modeling in Metallurgical Processes in Steelmaking (STEELSIM 2009), ed. Ludwig A., Leoben, Austria, (2009) 247-52.
"Bulging vs. Feeding, which Mechanism Dominates in Regards to the Formation of Centerline Segregation in Continuous Slab Casting of Steel? "

C85. Mayer F., Wu M., Ludwig A.: 12th Int. Conf. Modeling of Casting, Welding, Adv. Solidification Processes (MCWASP XII), Vancouver, Canada, eds. S.L. Cockcroft, D.M. Maijer, TMS (2009) 279-86.
"Study of Centerline Macrosegregation in Steel Continuous Casting with a Two-Phase Volume Averaging Approach"

C84. Grasser M., Ishmurzin A., Mayer F., Wu M., Ludwig A., Hofmann U., Riedle J.: 12th Int. Conf. Modeling of Casting, Welding, Adv. Solidification Processes (MWASP XII), Vancouver, Canada, eds: S.L. Cockcroft, D.M. Maijer, TMS (2009) 221-8.
"Microstructure Prediction Based on Ternary Solidification Simulation for Continuous Casting of Bronze"

C83. Wu M., Ludwig A.: 12th Int. Conf. Modeling of Casting, Welding, Adv. Solidification Processes (MCWASP XII), Vancouver, Canada, eds S.L. Cockcroft, D.M. Maijer, TMS (2009) 537-44.
"Using a Five-Phase Volume Averaging Approach to Model the Mixed Columnar-Equiaxed Solidification"

C82. Kharicha A., Ludwig A.: 5th Int. Conf. on Solidification and Gravity (SG08), Miskolc-Lillafüred, Hungary, (2008).
"Modeling of the ESR Slag/pool  interface with a VOF method"

C81. Grasser M., Mayer F., Ludwig A.: 138th TMS Annual Meeting (2009) 47-54.
"Thermodynamic Description of the System Cu-Sn-P – Computational Thermodynamics and Experimental Investigation on the Systems CuSn and CuP"

C80. Fjeld A., Ludwig A.: TMS Annual Meeting EPD Congress 2008 Proc., The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society (2008) p. 281-92.
"Modeling and Simulation of a Large Composite Casting"

C79. Wu M., Ludwig A., Pfeiler C., Mayer F.: 4th Int. Conf. on Continuous Casting of Steel in Developing Countries  (CCC08), Beijing, China, (2008) 30-7.
"Multiphase Flow Modeling and Its Application Potentials in Steel Continuous Casting"

C78. Kharicha A., Ludwig A., Wu M.: 7th Int. Asian CFD Conference (ACFD 2007), Bangalore, India (2007) Proc. available on CD.
"Correct electric current paths in a multiphase process involving two phases with large difference in electric conductivity"

C77. Kharicha A., Schützenhöfer W., Ludwig A., Tanzer R.: 6th Int. Conf. on Multiphase Flow (ICMF 2007), Leipzig, Germany (2007) 113-9.
"Interaction between steel droplets and slag in the ESR process"

C76. Gruber-Pretzler M., Mayer F., Wu M., Ludwig A., Riedle J., Hofmann U.: Int. Conf. of COM/Cu2007, Toronto, Canada, Vol. I: Copper and Alloy Casting and Fabrication / Copper-Economics and Markets, eds.: J. Hugens, K. Sadayappan, J. Spooner, L.D. Smith et al. (2007) 265-79.
"Macrosegregation in Continuous Casting of Phosphor Bronze – Impact on Properties and Modeling of Formation"

C75. Eck S., Ludwig A., Mazumdar D. , Evans J.W.: 5th Dec. Int. Conf. on Solidification Processing (SP07), Sheffield, UK, ed.: H. Jones (2007) 483-7.
"Experimental and numerical modelling of Cu-Sn casting with adjustable solidification front"

C74. Wu M., Ludwig A.: 5th Dec. Int. Conf. on Solidification Processing (SP07), Sheffield, UK. Eds.: H. Jones (2007) 130-4.
"A Model for Equiaxed Dendritic Solidification with Melt Convection and Grain Sedimentation"

C73. Gruber-Pretzler M., Könözsy L., Wu M., Ludwig A., Mathiesen R., Schaffer P., Arnberg L.: 5th Dec. Int. Conf. on Solidification Processing (SP07), Sheffield, UK, ed.: H. Jones (2007) 249-53.
"Numerical Study of the Impact of Gravity and Marangoni force on the Droplet Distribution of Hypermonotectic AlBi Alloys"

C72. Ludwig A., Ishmurzin A., Gruber-Pretzler M., Mayer F., Wu M., Tanzer R., Schützenhöfer W.: 5th Dec. Int. Conf. on Solidification Processing (SP07), Sheffield, UK, ed.: H. Jones (2007) 493-6.
"Combining Ternary Phase Diagram Information with Multiphase Solidification Simulations"

C71. Kharicha A., Schützenhöfer W., Ludwig A., Tanzer R., Int. Symp. on Liquid Metal Processing and Casting (LMPC-07), Nancy, France, eds.: Peter D. Lee, Alec Mitchell, Jean-Pierre Bellot, Alain Jardy (2007) 107-11.
"Multiphase Modelling of the Slag Region in the ESR Process"

C70. Tanzer R., Schützenhöfer W., Reiter G., Fauland H.-P., Könözsy L., Ishmurzin A., Wu M., Ludwig A.: Int. Symp. on Liquid Metal Processing and Casting (LMPC-07), Nancy, France, eds.: Peter D. Lee, Alec Mitchell, Jean-Pierre Bellot, Alain Jardy (2007) 121-6.
"The Validation of a Multiphase Model for the Macrosegregations and Primary Structure of High Grade Steel Ingots"

C69. Kharicha A., Mackenbrock A., Ludwig A., Schützenhöfer W., Maronnier V., Wu M., Köser O., Tanzer R.: Int. Symp. on Liquid Metal Processing and Casting (LMPC-07), Nancy, France, eds.: Peter D. Lee, Alec Mitchell, Jean-Pierre Bellot, Alain Jardy (2007) 113-9.
"Selected Numerical Investigations on ESR Process"

C68. Wu M., Ludwig A.: Xi’an Int. Symp. on Solidification (ISS07), Xi’an, China, (2007) Proc. available on CD.
"Modeling Equiaxed Dendritic Solidification with Melt Convection and Grain Sedimentation"

C67. Wu M., Könözsy L., A. Fjeld, Ludwig A.: 7th Pacific Rim Int. Conf. on Modeling of Casting & Solidification Processes (MCSP2007), Dalian, China, eds.: J.Z. Jin, S. Yao, H. Hao, T.M. Wang, (2007) 379-87.
"Using a Multiphase Approach to Study the Macrosegregation Formation Mechanisms"

C66. Kharicha A., Schützenhöfer W., Ludwig A., Tanzer R., Wu M.: 2nd Int. Conf. on Simulation & Modeling of Metall. Processes in Steelmaking (STEELSIM 2007), Graz, Austria, ed.: Ludwig A. (2007) 105-10.
"On the Importance of the Electric Currents Flowing directly into the Mould during an ESR Process"

C65. Pfeiler C., Thomas B.G., Ludwig A., Wu M.: 2nd Int. Conf. on Simulation & Modeling of Metall. Processes in Steelmaking (STEELSIM 2007), Graz, Austria, ed.: Ludwig A. (2007) 247-52.
"Particle Entrapment in the Mushy Region of a Steel Continuous Caster"

C64. Könözsy L., Mayer F., Ishmurzin A., Wu M., Ludwig A., Tanzer R., Schützenhöfer W.: 2nd Int. Conf. on Simulation & Modeling of Metall. Processes in Steelmaking (STEELSIM 2007), Graz, Austria, ed.: Ludwig A. (2007) 126-32.
"Parameter Study on the Formation of Macrosegregation in a Large Steel Ingot"

C63. Mayer F., Gruber-Pretzler M., Wu M., Ludwig A.: 2nd Int. Conf. on Simulation & Modeling of Metall. Processes in Steelmaking (STEELSIM 2007), Graz, Austria, ed.: Ludwig A. (2007) 265-70.
"Numerical Study of the Shrinkage Flow Induced Macrosegregation in Continuous Casting of Steel"

C62. Wu M., Könözsy L., Fjeld A., Ludwig A.: 2nd Int. Conf. on Simulation & Modeling of Metall. Processes in Steelmaking (STEELSIM 2007), Graz, Austria, ed.: Ludwig A. (2007) 114-9.
"Understanding the Macrosegregation Formation in Steel Castings: Examples of Multiphase Modelling"

C61. Gruber-Pretzler M., Mayer F., Ishmurzin A., Wu M., Ludwig A.: 11th Int. Conf. on Modeling of Casting, Welding and Adv. Solidification Processes (MCWASP XI), Opio, France (2006) 799-806.
"A Study of Macrosegregation Formation in Continuous Casting of a Technical CuSnP Bronze"

C60. Pfeiler C., Ludwig A., Wu M., Chimani C., Watzinger J., Dösinger H.: 11th Int. Conf. on Modeling of Casting, Welding and Adv. Solidification Processes (MCWASP XI), Opio, France (2006) 737-44.
"Simulation of Particle and Bubble Motion in a Steel Continuous Caster")

C59. Kharicha A., Schützenhöfer W., Ludwig A., Reiter G.: 11th Int. Conf. on Modeling of Casting, Welding and Adv. Solidification Processes (MCWASP XI), Opio, France (2006) 985-92.
"Simulation of the Slag/Pool Interface in the ESR Process by Using a VOF Technique"

C58. Hainke M., Dagner J., Wu M., Ludwig A.: 11th Int. Conf. on Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes (MCWASP XI), Opio, France (2006) 317-24.
"Control of Interdendritic Convection by the Application of Steady and Time-Dependent Magnetic Fields during Directional Solidification of Aluminium Alloys"

C57. Wang M.T., Pustal B., Wu M., Bührig-Polaczek A., Ludwig A., Yao S., Hao H., Li T., Cao Z., Zhang X., Jin J.: 11th Int. Conf. on Modeling of Casting, Welding and Adv. Solidification Processes (MCWASP XI), Opio, France (2006) 1071-8.
"Multiphase Flow Simulation of the Cooling Channel Rheo-casting Process of A-356 Alloy"

C56. Tang Y., Wu M., Ludwig A.: 11th Int. Conf. on Modeling of Casting, Welding and Adv. Solidification Processes (MCWASP XI), Opio, France (2006) 283-90.
"A Mixture Two-Phase Model for Macrosegregation during Solidification"

C55. Wu M., Ludwig A.: 11th Int. Conf. on Modeling of Casting, Welding and Adv. Solidification Processes (MCWASP XI), Opio, France (2006) 291-8.
"Volume Averaging Concept for the Mixed Columnar-Equiaxed Solidification"

C54. Schützenhöfer W., Reiter G., Rabitsch R., Ludwig A., Kharicha A., Gäumann M., Maronnier V., Mackenbrock A., Scholz H., Sorci R., Arcobello-Varlese F., Carosi A.: Proc.7th Int. Tooling Conf., Torino (2006)
"Modelling of the protective gas electro slag remelting process and its validation"

C53. Kharicha A., Ludwig A., Wu M.: Int. Conf. on Simulation and Modelling of Metallurgical Processes in Steelmaking (STEELSIM 2005), Brno, Czech Republic (2005) 343-60.
"Simulation of droplet formation during DC Electroslag-remelting process"

C52. Wu M., Ludwig A.: Int. Conf. on Simulation and Modelling of Metallurgical Processes in Steelmaking (STEELSIM 2005), Brno, Czech Republic (2005) 273-86.
"A 3D Three-Phase Eulerian Solidification Model for the Columnar-to-Equiaxed Transition (CET)"

C51. Pfeiler C., Wu M., Ludwig A.: Int. Conf. on Simulation and Modelling of Metallurgical Processes in Steelmaking (STEELSIM 2005), Brno, Czech Republic (2005) 231-50.
"Numerical Description of Particle and Bubble Motion in the Submerged Entry Nozzle Region during Steel Continuous Casting"

C50. Ludwig A., Wu M., Wang T., Bührig-Polaczek A.: 3rd Int. Conf. on Computational Modeling and Simulation of Materials, Acireale (Catania), Sicily, Italy (2004) 491-502.
"About the Interactions Between Thermo-solutal Convection, Shrinkage Flow and Grain Sedimentation"

C49. Wang T., Wu M., Ludwig A., Abondano M., Pustal B., Bührig-Polaczek A.: 6th Pacific Rim Int. Conf. on Modeling of Casting and Solidification Processes (MCSP2004), ed.: W.S. Huang, (2004) 181-9.
"Globular equiaxed solidification with thermo-solutal convection, shrinkage flow and grain movement by a three-phase model"

C48. Wu M., Ludwig A.: 6th Pacific Rim Int. Conf. on Modeling of Casting and Solidification Processes (MCSP2004), ed.: W.S. Huang (2004) 239-46.
"Modeling Macroscopic Phase Separation Phenomena during Solidification with an Eulerian Multiphase Approach"

C47. Ludwig A., Wu M.: Tagungsband zur 8. Werkstofftagung, TU-Graz, ed.: H. Cerjak (2003) pp. 11.
"Multiphase Simulation of Transport Phenomena During Solidification Processes"

C46. Ehlen G., Ludwig A., Sahm P., Bührig-Polaczek A.: 10th Int. Conf. on Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes (MCWASP X), eds.: D. Stefanescu et al., Florida (2003) 285-92.
"Split-Solid-Model to Simulate the Formation of Shrinkage Cavities and Macro-segregation in Steel Casting"

C45. Ludwig A., Wu M., M. Fehlbier, C. Afrath, Bührig-Polaczek A.: 10th Int. Conf. on Modelling of Casting, Welding and Adv. Solidification Processes (MCWASP X), eds.: D. Stefanescu et al, Florida (2003) 191-8.
"Study of the Rheology of Semisolid Alloys within a Capillary Viscometer"

C44. Wu M., Ludwig A., Sahm P., Bührig-Polaczek A.: 10th Int. Conf. on Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes (MCWASP X), eds.: D. Stefanescu et al., Florida (2003) 261-8.
"Grain Evolution and Macrosegregation in an Al-4%Cu Casting: Simulation and Ex-perimental Evaluation"

C43. Wu M., Ludwig A., Ratke L.: 10th Int. Conf. on Modeling of Casting, Welding and Adv. Solidification Processes (MCWASP X), eds.: D. Stefanescu et al., Florida (2003) 141-8.
"Modeling the Decomposition and Microstructure Evolution during Solidification of Hypermonotectic Alloys"

C42. Ehlen G.J , Ludwig A. , Sahm P. R. : Math. Modeling of Weld Phenomena 6, ed. H. Cerjak, IOM Comm., London (2002), 161-191."Influence of Welding Power and Welding Duration on the Shape of the Weld Pool: Transient Effects"

C41. Wu M., Ludwig A., Sahm P., Bührig-Polaczek A.: Materials Week Proc., Munich (2002) access via www.materialsweek.org.
"Prediction of Grain Distribution and Macrosegregation: Al-4%Cu Plate Casting as Example"

C40. Wu M., Ludwig A.,  Ratke L.: Materials Week Proc., Munich (2002) access via www.materialsweek.org.
"Modeling of Phase Separation during Solidification of Hypermonotectic Alloys With a Two Phase Simulation Approach"

C39. Ludwig A., Wu M., Hofmeister Th.: MRS Fall Meeting, Vol. 652, Symposium Y5.6 (2000).
"Simulation of the Rheology of a Thixotropic Aluminum Alloy by Using a Two-Phase Flow Approach"

C38. Hofmeister Th., Greven K., Ludwig A., Sahm P.: MRS Fall Meeting, Vol. 652, Symposium Y8.11 (2000).
"Modeling of Phase Transformation during Homogenization of Ternary Aluminum Alloys"

C37. Pavlik V., Dilthey U., Ludwig A.: Proc. Workshop SFB 370: Integral Materials Modelling, eds.: R. Sebald, G. Gottstein, Shaker Verlag (2000) .
"Numerical Simulation of Thermo-Fluid Phenomena in GTA Spot Weld Pools"

C36. Kolbe M., Herlach D.M., Kurz W., Ludwig A.: 1st Symposium on Microgravity Research & Applications, Sorrento, Italy (2000) pp. 647.
"Metastable Solidification of Composites: Novel Peritectic Structures and In-situ Composites"

C35. Hofmeister Th., Ludwig A., Sahm P.: Materials Week Proc., Munich (2000) access via www.materialsweek.org.
"Numerical Simulation of Ternary Aluminum Alloy Solidification and Subsequent Homogenization"

C34. Ludwig A., Quested P., Neuer G., Materials Week Proc., Munich (2000) access via www.materialsweek.org.
"How to Find Thermophysical Material Property Data for Casting Simulations?"

C33. Ludwig A., Wu M., Ehlen G., Sahm P.: Materials Week Proc., Munich (2000) access via www.materialsweek.org.
"Numerical Description of Solid Movement during Equiaxed Solidification Using a Two-phase Modeling Approach"

C32. Ehlen G., Schweizer A., Ludwig A., Sahm P.: Materials Week Proc., Munich (2000) access via www.materialsweek.org .
"Formation of Shrinkage Cavity and Solute Redistribution during the Casting of an Al 7wt.% Si Ingot"

C31. Pelzer M., Ludwig A., Meiser L., Sahm P.: 9th Int. Conf. on Modelling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Process (MCWASP IX), eds.: Sahm P. et al, Aachen (2000) pp. 191.
"Multiphase Modeling of the Core Shooting Process"

C30. Hofmeister Th., Greven K., Ludwig A., Sahm P.: 9th Int. Conf. on Modelling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Process (MCWASP IX), eds.: Sahm P. et al, Aachen (2000) pp. 591.
"Coupled Modeling of Temperature, Stress and Phase Transformation During Solidification and Subsequent Cooling of Ternary Al-Alloys"

C29. Ehlen G., Schweizer A., Ludwig A., Sahm P.: 9th Int. Conf. on Modelling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Process (MCWASP IX), eds.: Sahm P. et al, Aachen (2000) pp. 632.
"Free Surface Model to Predict the Influence of Shrinkage Cavities on the Solute Redistribution in Castings"

C28. Ludwig A., G. Ehlen, M. Pelzer, Sahm P.: 9th Int. Conf. on Modelling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes (MCWASP IX), eds.: Sahm P. et al, Aachen (2000) pp. 175.
"Simulation of Solid Movement during Solidification by a Simple Multiphase Approach"

C27. Pelzer M., Ludwig A., Meiser L., Sahm P., 6th European Conf. on Advanced Materials and Processes and Applications (EUROMAT 99), Vol. 3: Microstructural Mechanical Properties and Processes-Computer Simulation and Modelling, eds.: Y. Bréchet et al (1999) pp. 318.
"Simulating the Core Shooting Process"

C26. Ludwig A., Schillings A., Sahm P., 6th European Conf. on Advanced Materials and Processes and Applications (EUROMAT 99), Vol. 8: Materials Development and Processing – Bulk Amorphous Materials, Undercooling and Powder Metallurgy, eds.: J. Wood et al (1999) pp. 117.
"Rapid Solidification of Succinonitrile-Acetone into the Undercooled Melt Within Thin Capillary Tubes"

C25. Greven K., Ludwig A., Hofmeister T., Sahm P.: Solidification of Metallic Melts in Research and Technology, ed.: Ludwig A., publisher Wiley-VCH, Weinheim (1999) pp. 119.
"Coupling of a Macroscopic Solidification Simulation with a Micro Model and Thermodynamic Calculations of Phase Diagrams"

C24. Schillings A., Ludwig A., Sahm P.: Solidification of Metallic Melts in Research and Technology, ed.: Ludwig A., publisher Wiley-VCH, Weinheim (1999) pp. 61.
"Solidification into Undercooled Succinonitrile and Succinonitrile-Acetone Melts Near and Beyond the Hypercooling Limit"

C23. Nestler B., Ludwig A., Sahm P.R., Pavlyk V., Dilthey U., Conference paper, Bayreuth (1999)
"Simulationsmethoden zur Gefügemodellierung bei schneller Erstarrung"

C22. Nestler B., Pavlik V., Ludwig A., Böhm S., Dilthey U. , Sahm P.R., Mathematical Modelling of Weld Phenomena IV, Eds. H. Cerjak and H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia, The Institute of Materials, London, (1998) p. 332-351
"Numerical simulation of microstructure formation during electron-beam surface remelting of an Al-Si alloy "

C21. Herlach D.M., Bender W., Garcia-Escorial A., Gránásy L., Greer A.L., Kolbe M., Kurz W., Löser W., Ludwig A., Sahm P., Vinet B.: 2nd European Symposium on the Utilization of the International Space Station, ESTEC, Noordwijk (1998) p. 315-322.
"Undercooled Melts: Science, Technology and Application"

C20. Hofmeister T., Greven K., Ludwig A., Sahm P.: Werkstoffwoche, Band VI, Symposium 14: Simulation, eds.: R. Kopp et al, publisher Wiley-VCH, Weinheim (1998) pp. 767.
"Coupling of a Macroscopic Casting Simulation with a Model for the Prediction of the Microstructure by Using On-Line Phase Diagram Calculations", in German

C19. Schillings A., Ludwig A., Sahm P.: Werkstoffwoche, Band VI, Symposium 8b: Material Science: Metals, eds.: R. Kopp et al, publisher Wiley-VCH, Weinheim (1998) pp. 629.
"Rapid Growth of Undercooled Succinonitrile and Succinonitrile-Acetone Melts Below and Above the Hypercooling-Limit", in German

C18. Ludwig A., Werkstoffwoche, Band VI, Symposium 8b: Material Science: Metals, eds.: R. Kopp et al, publisher Wiley-VCH, Weinheim (1998) pp. 623.
"On the Thermodynamic of Rapidly Solidifying multi-component Melts", in German

C17. Greven K., Fackeldey M., Ludwig A., Kraft T., Rettenmayr M., Sahm P.: 8th Int. Conf. on Modelling of Casting, Welding and Adv. Solidification Process (MCWASP VIII), eds.: B.G. Thomas, C. Beckermann, San Diego (1998) pp. 187.
"Macroscopic Modelling of the Microstructural Evolution in Casting Using Thermodynamic Formulated Phase Diagrams"

C16. Ehlen G., Schweizer A., Ludwig A., Sahm P.: 8th Int. Conf. on Modelling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Process (MCWASP VIII), eds.: B.G. Thomas, C. Beckermann, San Diego (1998) pp. 289.
"Macroscopic Modeling of Marangoni Flow and Solute Redistribution During Laser Welding of Steel"

C15. Yoo S., Kleine A., Ludwig A., Sahm P.: 8th Int. Conf. on Modelling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Process (MCWASP VIII), eds.: B.G. Thomas, C. Beckermann, San Diego (1998) pp. 471.
"Numerical Simulation of Microstructural Evolution of Nodular Cast Iron applied to Automobile Crankshafts Produced by the Corning Process"

C14. Yoo S., Ludwig A., Sahm P.: 4th Decennial Int. Conf. on Solidification Processing (SP97), Sheffield (1997) pp. 494.
"Numerical Simulation of Solidification of Nodular Cast Iron in Permanent Moulds"

C13. Schillings A., Ludwig A., Sahm P.: 4th Decennial Int. Conf. on Solidification Processing (SP97), Sheffield (1997) pp. 401.
"Rapid Growth into Undercooled Succinonitrile Melts in Thin Capillary Tubes"

C12. Yoo S., Ludwig A., Moeinipour K., Sahm P., 5th European Conf. on "Advanced Materials and Processes and Applications (EUROMAT 97), Symposium AI: Metals", Maastricht, Netherland (1997) pp. 1/669.
"Modelling of In-Situ Heat Treatment in Austempered Ductile Iron"

C11. Ludwig A., Schadt R., Pelzer M., Sahm P., 5th European Conf. on Advanced Materials and Processes and Applications (EUROMAT 97), Symposium AI: "Metals", Maastricht, Netherlands (1997) pp. 1/237.
"In-Situ Observation of Rapid Solidification during 'Strip Casting' of Transparent Alloys"

C10. Illerich J., Ludwig A., Sahm P.: 7th Int. Symposium on Physical Simulation of Casting, Hot Rolling and Welding (ISPS VII), National Research Institute for Metals, Japan (1997) pp. 515.
"Simulation of Microstructure Evolution during Directional Solidification of Al-Cu-Si Alloys"

C9. Sahm P., Ludwig A.: Proc. 62nd World Foundry Congress, Technical Forum: "Application of Computers, Robotics and Automation to the Foundry Industry", Philadelphia, USA (1996) pp. 11.
"The Edge of Development in Sand Casting Process Simulation"

C8. Illerich J., Ma D., Ludwig A., Wang X., Sahm P.: Proc. 4th European Conf. on Advanced Materials and Processes (EUROMAT 95), Symposium F: "Materials and Processing Control", Padua/Venice, Italy (1995) pp. 417.
"Evolution of the Mushy Zone in Directional Solidification of Metallic Alloys"

C7. Ludwig A., Ma D., Sahm P.: Proc. Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes VI (MCWASP VI), eds.: T.S. Piwonka, V. Voller, L. Katgerman, TMS (1993) pp. 235.
"Modeling the Mushy Zone Evolution during Directional Dendritic Growth into an Undercooled Melt"

C6. Ludwig A., Steinbach I., Hofmann N., Balliel M., van Woerkom M., Sahm P.: Proc. Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes VI (MCWASP VI), eds.: T.S. Piwonka, V. Voller, L. Katgerman, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (1993) pp. 87.
"Modeling of Undercooling Effects during the Directional Solidification of Turbine Blades"

C5. Gránásy L., Ludwig A.: Melt-Spinning and Strip Casing: Research and Implementation, ed. E. F. Matthys, (The Miner-als, Metals & Materials Society, 1992), pp. 53-68.
"Impact of Casting Conditions on the Dendritic Solidification in Single Roller Quenching Methods."

C4. Stanescu J., Sahm P., Schädlich-Stubenrauch J., Ludwig A.: Proc. 40th Annual Technical Meeting: Investment Casting Institute (1992) pp. 29:1.
"Autonomous Directional Solidification for Single Crystal Turbine Blades"

C3. Gránásy L., Ludwig A.: Proc. TMS Annual Meeting, Symposium: "Melt-Spinning and Strip Casting: Research and Implementation", San Diego (1991) pp. 53.
"Impact of Casting Conditions on the Dendritic Solidification"

C2. Frommeyer G., Heyder B., Ludwig A.: Proc. TMS Annual Meeting, Symposium: "Melt-Spinning and Strip Casting: Research and Implementation", San Diego (1991) pp. 45.
"Continuous Casting of Fibers and Wires by In-Rotating-Liquid-Spinning"

C1. Ludwig A., Frommeyer G.: Proc. TMS Annual Meeting, Symposium: "Melt-Spinning and Strip Casting: Research and Implementation", San Diego (1991) pp. 163.
"Investigation on the Heat Transfer during PFC-Meltspinning by On-Line High Speed Temperature Measurements"